DO CONCA DE BARBERA

guia-penin
LOCATION:

Conca de Barberà is a Catalonian region in the north of the province of Tarragona. The wine growing area is primarily concentrated in a part of the region that owes its geological formation to the erosive action of the Francolí River and its tributary called Anguera. The combined action of these two rivers in the course of the millennia has shaped the appearance of this part of the region as a river valley surrounded by mountain ridges: the Miramar and Cogulló mountain ranges to the east; the Tallat and Vilobí mountain ranges to the west; the Montclar, Codony and Comalats mountain ranges to the north; and the Prades Mountains to the south.

The vineyards covered by the Designation of Origin extend across the following municipalities: Barberà de la Conca, Blancafort, Conesa, l’Espluga de Francolí, Forès, Montblanc, Pira, Rocafort de Queralt, Sarral, Senan, Solivella, Vallclara, Vilaverd and Vimbodí.

Most vineyards are situated at altitudes of 350 to 600 m.

CLIMATE:

Mediterranean transitional climate which ranges between the mild climate of the coastal regions of Tarragona (due to the relative proximity to the sea) and the continental climate typical of the Lérida region. The modest altitude of the Miramar mountain range and the Riba strait allow a certain influence of humid and warm coastal winds, while significant temperature inversions during winter cause frost in the lower parts of the region. Together, this makes for cold winters and moderate summers, with noticeable temperature differences between day and night.

Annual rain fall amounts to 450-550 mm and annual temperature average is between 13 and 14ºC,

SOIL:

The soils are mostly calcareous and poor in organic matter content. They can be clayey with a characteristic reddish colour, or looser in texture and brownish in colour. In the lower regions of the basin there are river terraces.
Slatey soil (llicorella) can be found at the south-western border of the region, at the foot of the Prades mountains.

GRAPE VARIETIES:

The grape varieties traditionally used in the production of white wine are Macabeo and Parellada. These grapes deliver wines of a bright, pale yellow colour, which are light and have a fine fruity bouquet and moderate alcohol content. Chardonnay is a recently introduced variety which lends itself to being blended with the former two varieties in order to add body and consistency.

The most characteristic rosé wine carrying the Designation of Origin is made of the black Trepat grape, a grape variety which is native to the Conca de Barberà. It delivers an outstanding, light, fresh and fruity wine, which is raspberry pink in colour, clear and bright.

Red wines are traditionally made of Tempranillo and Grenache grapes, but foreign varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir and Shiraz have adapted perfectly to the climate and soils of Conca de Barberà